The Difference Between HTML and HTML5: Main Changes

HTML5 is currently the building block of the Internet. That sounds simple but it’s not. At least not really. You see, the Internet is a much cooler thing now than it used to be. To allow for these cooler features, HTML had to be improved.


In this tutorial, we will go over the difference between HTML and HTML5. But first, let’s start by describing what HTML.

What Is HTML?

The first part of answering the question “What is HTML?” and telling you about the difference between HTML and HTML5 is deciphering the acronym. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. But unless you’ve been making cool stuff on the Internet for a while, that probably doesn’t help, does it?

First of all, the biggest mistake people make is considering HTML to be a programming language. It’s not. Instead, it’s a way to write directions for the web browser. These directions tell it what the frame of the website should be.

The difference between HTML and HTML5 vs. a proper programming language is that HTML can’t handle logic. And that’s what programming languages are all about. You can’t make HTML do one thing under some conditions and something else in a different situation like you can with full programming languages.

And that’s the short version of the answer to the “What is HTML?” question and the first step to properly explaining the difference between HTML and HTML5.

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So, how does HTML work?

Figuring out how HTML works also informs the answer about the difference between HTML and HTML5. You see, the fifth iteration of the language is built on a long history of web development and deals with an enormously different tech landscape.

With that said, what is HTML and how does it work?

Everything you write using HTML tells the browser what you want on the page and in what order. If you make a website using simple HTML, it will look extremely simplified because this markup language isn’t meant to style the look of your website (use CSS for that). It only puts in the elements you want and creates the proper website structure (that’s why it’s so crucial to know it for web development). Nonetheless, some might even argue that HTML is the web.

To put it simply, HTML works by defining different elements in < > (opening) and  </ > (closing) tags. They tell the web browser what the element is supposed to be and where it should be placed.

Some examples:

  • <p>The p in the tags tells the browser that this is a paragraph text element.
  • <h2> would tell it that it’s Heading 2.
  • You close the paragraph with </p> or </h2> if you want it to be Heading 2.

If you want to know more tags, we have a full HTML tag reference list right here.

Of course, this is the base and it can get more complicated than this, but in the end, HTML is just putting one element after another. Now, HOW and WHERE you put that element and which tag would best represent it is another question that evolved over the years. That is why one of the many differences between HTML and HTML5 is the syntax. As HTML evolved and the concept and capabilities of web development evolved, HTML changed for the better, becoming less complicated and more… intuitive for human eyes.

What is HTML5?

OK, we have a good idea of HTML. Now, what is HTML5?

The people who created HTML back in 1995 had no clue that the Internet would change so much.

Naturally, the web markup language also had to evolve together with the web. HTML5 is the most recent evolution of the HyperText Markup Language. Its purpose is to allow websites to be as compatible with any browser as it’s humanly possible (let’s face it, sometimes we still ensure that).

While you technically could write the frame of a website using HTML’s previous versions, it would not be as good or technically accurate. Probably the clearest difference between HTML and HTML5 is how they handle some modern website properties, one of them is being adapted to mobile users whose base is growing every day. And the hard truth is that if you’re making a website from scratch in 2019, you must use HTML5.

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The Difference Between HTML and HTML5

Now that we know what is HTML and what is HTML5, we can look at how the most recent version evolved from its predecessor.

The first rudimentary version of HTML was “created” in 1993, with HTML 2.0 coming in 1995. Try to remember the first website you’ve ever seen (if you can’t remember, the example above will help you). Now open a new tab and go to any modern responsive website.

Do you see how advanced the new websites are compared to the ancient ones?

It’s staggering. Creating something modern using the rudimentary versions of HTML would be extremely hard, if not impossible. The technology to do it simply wasn’t there in the old days, so support for it was similarly lagging.

As the capabilities of computers and the Internet grew, developers all over the world continuously reworked HTML with a single goal. To make sure that they can improve website capabilities.

After HTML 2.0 came HTML 3.0 in January 1997, but it stayed only a short while (around 11 months), HTML4 came to life.

HTML4 was created in 1997 by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) recommendation and stayed as the foundation of the Internet for more than 17 years (much longer than its predecessors). In 2014, HTML5 was created and developers started to develop websites using it soon after. Another difference between HTML and HTML5 is that it has been decided not to have any more versions. That is HTML5 is here to stay and will have only some features updated along the way, but there will not be HTML6 (at least there are no plans for it now).

Top Web Design Principles of web design

It is important to keep in mind that it is the duty of your hired web design firm to educate you on the “in’s and out’s” of web design. Though the concepts and technology behind web design may be foreign to you, it is always beneficial to have a general understanding of this new investment.

Web Design

Through research and experience, Lform has come up with a list of top web design principles for you to keep in mind when providing design feedback. Remember, it is your job to present the designer with visual or functional problems, and it is the designers’ job to come up with the best solution.

To begin, it is important to understand the difference between graphic design and web design. Though the words, graphic and web design, are often used interchangeably, they are not one in the same. Web design (design for the web) can be seen as a specific sub-set of graphic design (print), which has its own rules and ideas. Good web design involves the use of appropriate graphics, fonts, colors, layout, web accessibility, and design, to give your target audience a unique and exciting user experience.

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Remember, design principles exist because they work. How you apply those principles determines how effective your design is in conveying the desired message and how attractive it appears. These principles will help you create a visual hierarchy, thus being able to effectively community your message to your users.

Below you will find a list of the most widely recognized principles of web design, and how they can be applied to your new website!

Have a Clear Message

There needs to be a clear message or an idea to be communicated. It doesn’t matter how beautiful the design may look; without a clear message, it’s an empty shell.

Speak with One Visual Voice

All parts of a design must talk to each other… in the same language. Ask yourself: “Do all the elements in the design relate to each other?” As soon as one element seems out of place, the message is weakened.

Communicate — Don’t Decorate

Good design instantly communicates a message visually. Be creative with your designs; just don’t go over-board. Creativity and originality are amazing assets, but try not to stray too far from a typical layout because it can cause difficulties in navigation and functionality. In other words, don’t abandon proven design principles for the sake of being “creative.” Remember that even though creativity is essential, the most important part of a website is usability. If it’s beautiful, but not functional, it is worthless.

Make a Great First Impression

When you meet someone for the first time, you want to make a good first impression. The same should be applied to your website. The overall look and feel of the site is the first thing your visitors notice. Remember, the homepage sets the tone of your website, and all secondary pages should take its’ lead.

Clean + Simple ≠ Boring

“Clean and Simple” does not equal boring. Cramming too much content into each page creates confusion. Having to scroll through rows of links and images to find what you are looking for can be frustrating. Not to mention, too many colors can be daunting to the eye. Keep your pages clean so your visitors can easily locate what they need. Bottom line, less is more.

White Space is Your Friend

Maximizing the “white space” (or “negative space”) in your design is a great way to draw attention to important aspects of a page. If a page is too cluttered, the reader doesn’t know what to look at, and you run the risk of your message getting lost. White space is used to divide the space on a page and create a natural movement throughout the content. Remember, white space doesn’t mean “wasted” space, so fight the urge to fill it up!

Layout & Alignment — Visually Connecting the Dots

Each element of the design needs to be visually connected. If something is out of place or distinct from other elements, it will alienate itself and become non-functional. Existing hard edges should be used to line up other elements. Break alignment only for emphasis.

2 Typeface Maximum

Its important to keep the number of typefaces low. Too many fonts usually conflict with each other and overwhelm the viewer. Each font has a personality, and too many personalities can create disorder.

Fonts — Just the Right Size!

There are many factors that play into a font’s legibility on a website: user’s vision, computer screen resolution, color contrast between the foreground (text) and background, font typeface, and of course, font size. Because some of these factors vary so greatly, it is best to give the user more control over the design’s font size. When coding font sizes using CSS, relative size increments should be used, like ems or percentages, instead of set measurements, such as pixels or points. Relative increments are generally more legible because they are rendered relative to the user’s screen resolution. It is good practice to set the body text size in increments that are relative to 10-14 points.

Pick Colors on Purpose

Color selection can make or break a site, so make sure that when choosing a color palette it is both appropriate and relevant to your brand identity. Know what the colors will do when you combine them, and more importantly, what they might mean to your target audience. Color carries an abundance of psychological and emotional meaning, and this meaning can vary tremendously between cultural groups and individuals. Keep in mind that flashy colors or excessive use of various colors make the site overwhelming. A good rule of thumb is to have 1-3 muted colors and 1 “pop” color (for contrast).

High Contrast = Greater Legibility

Always make sure there is a high contrast between the content (text and imagery) and background. This makes your website look professional, and of course, easy to read. White is still the safest choice for the background color (as black and white yields the highest contrast and best readability), but other colors can work as well.

Consistency is KEY

It is important to keep in mind that consistency ALWAYS outweighs creativity. Visitors shouldn’t feel like they have been sent to a completely different website each time they open a new page on your site. Most people are accustomed to familiar layouts within websites. Consistency among the pages on your site makes navigation a much easier task. All graphic images and elements, typefaces, headings, colors, layout, and alignment should remain consistent throughout your website. Consistency and coherence on any web page project a sense of professionalism.

Navigation Should be Intuitive

Don’t try to reinvent the wheel with your navigation; if people have to hunt for it, they won’t find it! Users should be able to find what they want quickly. There are few things more frustrating than not being able to find what you are looking for on a website. Pages should be well-organized with a top-down design so that people can easily browse to where they want to go on your site. Your visitors should be able to find what they are looking for in your site within three clicks. If not, they are very likely to click off your site as quickly as they clicked on.

Have Confidence in Your Logo

Often times clients ask designers to make their logo larger. This is usually a response to overcompensate for something problematic in the design (i.e. the overall text or imagery within the site is too large, thus making the logo seem small). Generally speaking, a logo should be no more than 300px wide and 100px high. These dimensions, along with common logo placement (top left or center) will ensure brand recognition, along with user satisfaction.

Avoid Image Overload

Of course images are great to look at, especially if they’re relevant or beautifully designed, but when they take over a web page it can be daunting. It is never a good idea to replace text with images. Rather, you should add imagery only to support the text (a diagram, graph, or example of what the content is trying to convey). By using text rather than unnecessary images, it will help you with accessibility, and it will allow your page to load faster.

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Keep User Needs at the Forefront

Websites are like brands, they’re about your customers, not you. Breaking design rules “because you like it better that way” is always a bad idea. Remember that you are NOT the focus of the design; rather, your target audience is!

Break the Rules!

Breaking the rules is okay when a design calls for it. Many of the design choices reviewed here would not be considered by the average designer. This is what separates great designers from average ones. Those brave enough to go against what they’ve been taught always stand out. If you’re going to break a rule, be ready to provide examples and statistics!

How Much Does a Website Design Cost?

Website It’s the first and last question asked in 99% of initial client conversations: “So, how much is this thing gonna cost me?” Whether you are talking to a contractor, a digital agency, a wedding planner, or a cell phone company, you are liable to get the same answer: “It depends.”


Do you want the super-deluxe, shiny, technologically advanced and biologically enhanced version, or the basic cable? The real question then, isn’t “How much does it cost?” but “What am I getting for my money?”

Now we’re getting down to the nitty-gritty. When it comes to web design, its important to consider the process. Every design firm does it slightly differently but what it boils down to is:

  1. Discovery
  2. Design
  3. Development
  4. Testing
  5. Launch
  6. Support

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This phase of the project begins with in-depth conversations. What you get during discovery can vary according to the company you work with and the price you pay. Decide on a lower end developer or a template shop and this phase can be non-existent. Here, you get what you pay for.

With a midlevel or higher company, you can expect a more full exploration of exactly what your company’s needs are and how a custom website can fulfill them. You’ll discuss branding, your competition, positioning, and marketing. A design firm doing a truly custom website will make sure that it not only represents your brands’ personality but that it speaks directly to your customers.


For $2,000 or less, you can purchase a template that you will have varying levels of control over customizing. It will serve as a customer-facing brochure and a basic way for your audience to view products and services. Don’t expect much support (you might be lucky to get an email back) or too many options.

If you decide that you want to make more of an investment in the future of your business, then you’ll need the talents of an experienced graphic designer to give your site a unique look that engages users.  A more custom website can run anywhere from $5,000 to $15,000. With a site like this, you’ll be interacting with real live humans who listen to your ideas! You’re not just buying templates; you should get a few options and then a specific number of revisions.

You can expect a CMS, or Content Management System, which you can use to add, edit and manage the content on your site. In addition, you may be able to integrate social media and have your site optimized for search engines to find it (SEO).

At $15,000 and up, you can count on working with an experienced designer or team of designers who will cater to your needs. You will receive multiple design options and multiple revisions. Logo design may be included for a comprehensive branding experience.


The least expensive options are pre-coded, which becomes a problem when you start adding third-party applications to extend the functionality of your site. Without custom coding, the site is likely to be buggy and with little to no support, the results can be incredibly frustrating.

A higher-end firm will have developers on staff to ensure the smooth functioning of your site from user interaction to applications, animating transitions, adding slideshows and more. For mid-priced sites, pre-existing may be used as a base and then custom coded to fit your needs. At premium prices, you will find complete custom coding, application development. Included in this time are research, development, and implementation.

You may wish to take advantage of responsive design. This is where a developer would ensure that your site fits perfectly on any device (mobile or desktop) by coding a flexible layout.


Testing your site is a must before you launch. Many pre-formatted sites claim to work in every browser but once you being imputing content and making changes you may not find this to be the case.

By contrast, when you work with a professional design firm, they will thoroughly test your site, ensuring that it works across multiple browsers, testing every page, every link, and every form.


Do you have a specific date in mind that you need to have the site up? To ensure that you make the deadline, you will need to work closely with a project manager who will shepherd the process along, marking milestones. A successful project will be closely monitored, its schedule-adjusted as needed. A project manager acts as an advocate for you, the client, pushing designers and developers to get the work done on time and to your satisfaction. You will not find services like this with a bottom dollar web solution.


Post-launch support is one of the most important and often forgotten aspects of hiring a web designer. Once your site is launched, you will need to stay in contact with the design firm for a variety of reasons such as:

  • “My site is down, why?”
  • “How do I add or delete an email address?”
  • “Can you add a page?”
  • “Why is my contact form not working?”

For these and hundreds of other reasons, you are going to want to maintain an ongoing relationship with your design firm. Depending on your contract, you may be able to work out a monthly retainer or pay by the hour.

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The Final Tally

Many other factors play into the price of developing your website including regular costs of doing business for design firms. Rent, office equipment, employee salaries, etc…

Consider this: What would it cost you to hire an employee that works 24 hours a day, seven days a week? They never take breaks, they never call out sick, and they remember everything you tell them. They sell your products, inform customers about upcoming sales and answer their most frequently asked questions. Sounds like a great hire, huh? Well, that’s your site.

A Step by Step Understanding Website Development Process

Website Development While it might appear that Web Development Services being a relic of times gone by and never again assumes an imperative job in business improvement, the definite inverse is nearer to reality. With the computerized world, we presently end up in, a site that is frequently the primary spot that clients go to find out about you, your company, and your administrations.


This early introduction is made by the structure of your site, and on the off chance that it doesn’t overwhelm them, they will look elsewhere. Alongside the accompanying reasons, Web Development is as yet crucial to your company’s prosperity. Different other reasons include:

1. Comfort

– Your clients need to have all the data they need about your company being readily available and your site being the best spot to enclose the needed information.

2. Overall advertising

– Along with turning into an increasingly computerized world, we have likewise turned into a more globalized world. Global clients quite often find your site first, which is the reason it is so significant.

3. Trustworthy source

– These days, companies without a valid website is like a site isn’t paid attention to as a business, significantly more so if your webpage has a poor plan.

4. Associates You with Millions of Users

– When you have an easy to understand and useful site, you can without much of a stretch connect with enormous clients over the world. Along these lines, the scope of your forthcoming clients will get expanded. In the event that your site has numerous pages, settle on PHP advancement. Any solid organization of PHP advancement can help you all the while. Utilizing PHP on the site upgrade its presentation in a financially savvy way.

5. Lifts Brand Awareness

– Your organization’s logo on the site will be seen by the individuals who have arrived on it. Additionally, while advancing it via web-based networking media stages, it will get presented to many individuals. As such, individuals will come to think about your image, accordingly expanding brand mindfulness.

6. Causes it to seem Reliable

– Today, whatever administration individuals need, they attempt to accumulate data on the web. In such a circumstance, having a site impacts individuals to depend on the organization. It is through the site that you can have an expert methodology for your clients. Numerous organizations of web advancement in India are guaranteeing the achievements of their customers’ organizations by structuring extraordinary sites for them.

7. Empowers Online Marketing

Online advertising of the business has turned out to be critical with the expanding rivalry. Furthermore, this is conceivable just when you have a site. The system of online nearness can take your business higher than ever. Various showcasing procedures can be utilized to advance your business. Your promoting technique to contact the group of spectators will demonstrate success in case you’re thinking about what sort of business you have.

8. Increment Sales

– Having a site implies your forthcoming and existing clients can connect with you at whatever point they need. On the off chance that they face any issue in the wake of purchasing an item from you, they can legitimately converse with your client care officials and get arrangements just by calling you. Thus, they may feel that when they can get in touch with you 24*7, purchasing administration or items from your organization won’t be an off-base choice.

Website Development Process includes numerous steps in the world of technology and digital services. It includes initial information that consists of the website and finally to the maintenance. It keeps your website up to date and current. The process rightly involves different and classified steps, out of the many a few are given below:

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1. Gathering your data

– Gathering information is what seems most important and a little difficult but not impossible. Many considerations need to be taken care of when the look and feel of the website come into the picture. The first is the most important one, as it includes an understanding of the company that it is created for. Certain things to consider are:

1. Purpose

– What is the purpose of the site? Do you want to provide information, promote a service, sell a product?

2. Goals

– What do you hope to accomplish by building this web site? Two of the more common goals are either to make money or share information.

3. Target Audience

– Is there a specific group of people that will help you reach your goals? It is helpful to picture the “ideal” person you want to visit your web site. Consider their age, sex or interests – this will later help determine the best design style for your site.

4. Content

– What kind of information will the target audience be looking for on your site? Are they looking for specific information, a particular product or service, online ordering?

2. Accurate Planning

– With the help of the gathered information from the first step, it is now time to get in together a solid plan for your website. This is rightly where a site map is developed. It consists of a list of all main topic areas of the site, with sub-topics. It serves as a guide to what the content will consist of on the website, what all is needed to develop a consistent, easy understanding of the navigational system.

With the help of a good user interface creating an easy way to navigate the website, and with the help of the basis for the same. During the planning stage, the web designer will need to decide about the technologies that need to be implemented. The elements that need to be decided will include elements like CMS such as WordPress to incorporate

3. Appropriate Designing

– Your target audience is your key factor that takes everything else into consideration for the goodwill of your company’s profit. Your web designer will create one or maybe more than one prototype designs for your website. This includes a .jpg image of what the final design is meant to be. Many a time, you will be sent an email with the mock-ups for your website while other designers take it a step further by waving you access to a secure area of their website that is meant for customers to view work in progress.

Your designer will need to allow you to view your project through the design and development stages. The only reason important for it is to give you the chance to express your likes and dislikes on the site design. Communication between both you and the web designer is important in order to receive the final web site that will match your needs and the needed taste.

4. Needed Development

Fronted Development

– The development of the client-side app is visible to the users. All the designs created are made during the previous stage that is converted to HTML pages with the help of animations and needed effects. To a few needed functionalities JavaScript framework/libraries like Angular, React, Vue, etc are utilized.

Backend Development

– It refers to the development of the server-side app that is the main part of the fronted and makes the user interface into a working web app. The backed developers create a server-side application, database, integrate business logic and all other facts that help in working under the hood.

5. Coding technicality

– This step helps you in creating a website. Graphic elements that are designed during the previous stages should be used to develop a website. The home page is created first, and then the other sub-pages are added, according to the hierarchy that has been created in the form of a sitemap. All static web page elements that are designed during the mock-up and the layout creation should be created and tested. Later, special features and interactivity should be added.

6. Testing and Delivery

– Once the web app is developed and made right, before the deployment to the server, it needs to go through a lot of meticulous tests to make sure there are no bugs or any different sort of issues raising. The team performs on certain functionality tests, usability tests, compatibility test, performance test, etc. This further ensures that the web application is all ready for the users to launch the project.

These testing also helps in discovering the ways that involve improvement of the web app in the near future. Once the quality shows the green flag for the web apps, it is further deployed to the server using FTP that is File Transfer Protocol.

7. High Maintenance

– Website development is not necessarily done. One way to get in more visitors to your website is to offer them with new content or products on a regular base. Most designers will be happy to continue working with you, in case any update is needed in terms of information for your website.

You should always keep in mind that the website development project doesn’t start with coding and doesn’t end after the day you finally launch your website. The phase of preparation affects all subsequent stages, defining how productive the development process will be. A profound and in-depth discovery of such aspects like age, sex, and interests of your end-user may become the key to success. The post-launch period is rather significant. Your project should be agile and flexible enough to have the possibility to change your website according to users’ feedback or spirit of the time. Keeping in mind that there’s no such thing as an insignificant website development phase will prevent you from unexpected troubles and give you confidence that everything flows as it should, and you have full control over the project.